道路行驶安全年

世卫组织启动2021-2030年道路安全行动十年

WHO is kicking off the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2021-2030 today in Geneva, with the ambitious target of preventing at least 50% of road traffic deaths and injuries by 2030. WHO and the UN regional commissions, in cooperation with other partners in the UN Road Safety Collaboration, have developed a Global Plan for the Decade of Action, which is released today.

Globally, over 3500 people die every day on the roads, which amounts to nearly 1.3 million preventable deaths and an estimated 50 million injuries each year – making it the leading killer of children and young people worldwide. As things stand, they are set to cause a further estimated 13 million deaths and 500 million injuries during the next decade, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. These unacceptable numbers, both in absolute and relative terms. Road traffic crashes have remained a major cause of death globally, even though every one of those deaths and injuries is preventable.

“The loss of lives and livelihoods, the disabilities caused, the grief and pain, and the financial costs caused by road traffic crashes add up to an intolerable toll on families, communities, societies and health systems,” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General, “So much of this suffering is preventable, by making roads and vehicles safer, and by promoting safe walking, cycling and greater use of public transport. The Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety lays out the practical, evidence-based steps all countries and communities can take to save lives.”

Recognizing the importance of the problem and the need to act, governments from around the world declared unanimously – through UN General Assembly Resolution 74/299 – the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2021-2030 with the explicit target to reduce road traffic deaths and injuries by at least 50% during that period.

“One of the best ways to save and improve lives is to make our streets safer — but that work often doesn’t get the attention it deserves,” said Michael R. Bloomberg, founder of Bloomberg LP and Bloomberg Philanthropies and WHO Global Ambassador for Noncommunicable Diseases and Injuries. “Bloomberg Philanthropies has been working to improve road safety since 2007 by strengthening laws, increasing enforcement, redesigning streets, and using data. I’m glad to say that the WHO’s ambitious global plan for road safety includes many of the strategies that we’ve used to save lives, and it will help encourage governments around the world to make road safety the high priority it should be.”

This Global Plan describes the actions needed to achieve that target. This includes accelerated action to make walking, cycling and using public transport safe, as they are also healthier and greener modes of transport; to ensure safe roads, vehicles and behaviours; and to guarantee timely and effective emergency care.  It is aimed to inspire countries, including governments and partners to act boldly and decisively, using the tools and knowledge gained from the last Decade of Action to change course.

“More than 50 million people have died on the world’s roads since the invention of the automobile.  This is more than the number of deaths in World War One or some of the worst epidemics.” says Dr Etienne Krug, the Director of the Department of the Social Determinants of Health. “It is time to put in action what we know works and shift to a much safer and healthier mode of transport. This new plan will lead countries onto a more sustainable path.”

The Global Plan outlines recommended actions drawn from proven and effective interventions, as well as best practices for preventing road trauma. It should be used as a blueprint to inform and inspire national and local plans that are tailored to local contexts, available resources and capacity. The Global Plan is aimed not only at senior policy-makers, but also other stakeholders who can influence road safety, such as civil society, academia, the private sector and community and youth leaders.

NOTE TO EDITORS:

The Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2021-2030 will be formally presented on 28 October 2021, during a virtual event to be held from 14:00 to 15:00 Geneva time. This event will provide an opportunity for the WHO Director-General and road safety stakeholders from national and municipal governments, NGOs, and youth groups to make brief remarks on its importance as a tool for preventing road traffic deaths and injuries. To join, register in advance at: https://bit.ly/3uZpYYB The event will be held in English.  

世卫组织今天在日内瓦启动了 2021-2030 道路安全行动十年,其宏伟目标是到 2030 年预防至少 50% 的道路交通死亡和伤害。联合国道路安全合作组织制定了一项全球行动十年计划,该计划于今天发布。
在全球范围内,每天有超过 3500 人死于道路上,这相当于每年近 130 万可预防的死亡和约 5000 万的伤害——使其成为全球儿童和年轻人的头号杀手。就目前情况而言,预计在未来十年内,它们将进一步造成 1300 万人死亡和 5 亿人受伤,尤其是在低收入和中等收入国家。这些不可接受的数字,无论是绝对值还是相对值。道路交通事故仍然是全球范围内的主要死亡原因,尽管这些死亡和伤害中的每一个都是可以预防的。
世卫组织谭德塞博士说:“道路交通事故造成的生命和生计损失、残疾、悲伤和痛苦以及财务成本,对家庭、社区、社会和卫生系统造成了无法承受的损失。”总干事说:“通过提高道路和车辆的安全性,促进安全步行、骑自行车和更多地使用公共交通工具,这种痛苦在很大程度上是可以避免的。 《道路安全十年行动全球计划》列出了所有国家和社区可以采取的切实可行的、以证据为基础的步骤,以挽救生命。”
认识到问题的重要性和采取行动的必要性,世界各国政府通过联合国大会第 74/299 号决议一致宣布 2021-2030 道路安全行动十年,其明确目标是减少道路交通死亡和伤害在此期间至少减少 50%。
“拯救和改善生活的最佳方法之一是让我们的街道更安全——但这项工作往往没有得到应有的关注,”彭博有限合伙企业和彭博慈善基金会创始人兼世卫组织全球大使迈克尔·布隆伯格说非传染性疾病和伤害。 “自 2007 年以来,彭博慈善基金会一直致力于通过加强法律、加强执法、重新设计街道和使用数据来改善道路安全。我很高兴地说,世卫组织雄心勃勃的全球道路安全计划包括我们用来挽救生命的许多战略,它将有助于鼓励世界各国政府将道路安全置于应有的高度重视。”
该全球计划描述了实现该目标所需的行动。这包括加快采取行动,使步行、骑自行车和使用公共交通更加安全,因为它们也是更健康、更环保的交通方式;确保道路、车辆和行为安全;并保证及时有效的急救。它旨在激励各国,包括政府和合作伙伴,利用从上一个十年行动中获得的工具和知识来改变方向,大胆果断地采取行动。
“自从汽车发明以来,全世界已有超过 5000 万人死于道路上。这比第一次世界大战或一些最严重的流行病中的死亡人数还要多。”健康问题社会决定因素司司长 Etienne Krug 博士说。 “现在是采取行动的时候了,我们知道可行的方法并转向更安全、更健康的交通方式。这项新计划将引导各国走上更可持续的道路。”
全球计划概述了从行之有效的干预措施中得出的建议行动,以及预防道路创伤的最佳做法。它应作为蓝图,为适应当地情况、可用资源和能力的国家和地方计划提供信息和启发。全球计划不仅针对高级决策者,还针对可以影响道路安全的其他利益相关者,例如民间社会、学术界、私营部门以及社区和青年领袖。
给编辑的注意:
《2021-2030 年道路安全行动十年全球计划》将于 2021 年 10 月 28 日在日内瓦时间 14:00 至 15:00 举行的虚拟活动期间正式提出。本次活动将为世卫组织总干事以及来自国家和市政府、非政府组织和青年团体的道路安全利益相关者提供机会,简要说明其作为预防道路交通死亡和伤害的工具的重要性。要参加,请提前在以下网址注册:https://bit.ly/3uZpYYB 活动将以英语进行。

       In September 2020, the UN General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/74/299 “Improving global road safety”, proclaiming the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2021-2030, with the ambitious target of preventing at least 50% of road traffic deaths and injuries by 2030. WHO and the UN regional commissions, in cooperation with other partners in the UN Road Safety Collaboration, have developed a Global Plan for the Decade of Action, which was released in October 2021.   

The Global Plan aligns with the Stockholm Declaration, by emphasizing the importance of a holistic approach to road safety, and calling on continued improvements in the design of roads and vehicles; enhancement of laws and law enforcement; and provision of timely, life-saving emergency care for the injured. The Global Plan also reflects the Stockholm Declaration’s promotion of policies to promote walking, cycling and using public transport as inherently healthy and environmentally sound modes of transport.

Progress made during the previous Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 has laid the foundation for accelerated action in the years ahead. Among achievements are inclusion of road safety on the global health and development agenda, broad dissemination of scientific guidance on what works, strengthening of partnerships and networks, and mobilization of resources. This new Decade of Action provides an opportunity for harnessing the successes and lessons of previous years and building upon them to save more lives.

2020 年 9 月,联合国大会通过了“改善全球道路安全”的 A/RES/74/299 号决议,宣布了 2021-2030 道路安全行动十年,其宏伟目标是防止至少 50% 的道路交通死亡到 2030 年减少和伤害。世卫组织和联合国区域委员会与联合国道路安全合作组织的其他伙伴合作,制定了一项全球行动十年计划,该计划于 2021 年 10 月发布。

全球计划与斯德哥尔摩宣言保持一致,强调道路安全整体方法的重要性,并呼吁继续改进道路和车辆的设计;加强法律和执法;并为伤员提供及时、挽救生命的紧急护理。全球计划还反映了斯德哥尔摩宣言对促进步行、骑自行车和使用公共交通作为本质上健康和环保的交通方式的政策的促进。

在上一个 2011-2020 年道路安全行动十年期间取得的进展为未来几年加速行动奠定了基础。取得的成就包括将道路安全纳入全球健康和发展议程、广泛传播有关行之有效的科学指导、加强伙伴关系和网络以及调动资源。这个新的十年行动为利用前几年的成功和教训并在此基础上拯救更多生命提供了机会。

          世卫组织今天启动2021-2030年道路安全行动十年,这十年的目标是到2030年之前将道路交通伤亡人数降低至少50%。

世卫组织、联合国各区域委员会以及联合国道路安全协作机制的各伙伴共同制定了《道路安全行动十年全球计划》,并于今天发布在全球范围内,道路交通事故每年造成近130万本可预防的死亡,以及约5000万人受伤,使道路安全成为全世界儿童和青年的主要死因。

若照目前趋势,则今后十年道路安全问题还将造成约1300万人死亡,5亿人受伤,尤其集中在低中收入国家。这些绝对数字和比例都令人难以接受。道路交通事故造成的死伤都是可预防的,可惜它仍然是全球死亡的一个主要原因。
 
           2020年9月各国政府认识到道路安全问题如此严重、行动刻不容缓,遂通过联合国大会一致通过决议74/299,决议宣布 2021-2030 年为道路安全行动十年,目标是从 2021 年到 2030 年将道路交通死伤人数减少至少 50%。 
《全球计划》呈现了实现这一目标所需采取的行动,包括加速行动,确保步行、骑车和使用公共交通的安全,因为这些出行方式还更健康、更绿色;确保道路、车辆和道路交通行为安全;保证及时有效的急救护理。此计划旨在激励各国政府和合作伙伴大胆而果断地行动,利用好上一个行动十年积累的工具和知识,逆转道路交通伤亡的势头。
《全球计划》列举了实证有效的干预措施建议,还概述了预防道路创伤的最佳做法。国家和地方可以《全球计划》为蓝本,根据自身特点、可利用资源和能力来制定各级规划。《全球计划》的目标受众不局限于政策制定者,而是包括民间社会、学术界、私营部门、社区和青年领袖在内的、与道路安全息息相关的每个人。

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